The reconstruction era

A deep national economic depression following the Panic of led to major Democratic gains in the North, the collapse of many railroad schemes in the South, and a growing sense of frustration in the North.

In a speech delivered on April 11, while referring to plans for Reconstruction in LouisianaLincoln proposed that some blacks—including free blacks and those who had enlisted in the military—deserved the right to vote. Sheply as Military Governor of Louisiana in MaySheply sent two anti-slavery representatives, Benjamin Flanders and Michael Hahnelected in Decemberto the House which capitulated and voted to seat them.

With the Compromise ofmilitary intervention in Southern politics ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South. A large number became laundresses. Nashville, Tennessee, March 18, Broad Street, Reconstruction played out against an economy in ruin.

Intense controversy erupted throughout the South over these issues. On May 26,Union Maj. Republican legislatures, coalitions of whites and blacks, established the first public school systems and numerous charitable institutions in the South. This important struggle was waged by radical northerners who wanted to punish the South and Southerners who desperately wanted to preserve their way of life.

Some worked for wages, others as sharecroppers, who divided the crop with the owner at the end of the year. White reactions included outbreaks of mob violence against blacks, such as the Memphis riots of and the New Orleans riot.

Some continued to have common-law marriages or community-recognized relationships.

3 Reconstruction

Before the war, the population of slaves had been counted as three-fifths of a corresponding number of free whites. Recently freed blacks found the postwar South very similar to the prewar South.

Although Lincoln gave assurances that the United States government would support and protect any colonies, the leaders declined the offer of colonization. One such politician murdered by the Klan on the eve of the presidential election was Republican Congressman James M.

Leaders who had been Whigs were committed to economic modernization, built around railroads, factories, banks and cities. A reign of terror was aimed both at local Republican leaders as well as at blacks seeking to assert their new political rights. By the end of the 19th century and well into the 20th century, the South was locked into a system of poverty.

One such group, originally from Kentucky, established the community of Nicodemus in in Graham County on the high, arid plains of northwestern Kansas.

From the beginning of Reconstruction, black conventions and newspapers throughout the South had called for the extension of full civil and political rights to African Americans.

Sumner preferred at first impartial requirements that would have imposed literacy restrictions on blacks and whites. Thus began the period of Radical or Congressional Reconstruction, which lasted until the end of the last Southern Republican governments in For all Americans, Reconstruction was a time of fundamental social, economic, and political change.

Lincoln pocket-vetoed the bill and the rift widened between the moderates, who wanted to save the Union and win the war, and the Radicals, who wanted to effect a more complete change within Southern society. Over the next several years, Lincoln considered ideas about how to welcome the devastated South back into the Union, but as the war drew to a close in early he still had no clear plan.

To blacks, freedom meant independence from white control. Johnson felt that each state government could best decide how they wanted blacks to be treated.

The overthrow of Reconstruction left to future generations the troublesome problem of racial justice. He later tried to disband the group when they became too violent.

What system of labor should replace slavery. The first bill extended the life of the bureau, originally established as a temporary organization charged with assisting refugees and freed slaves, while the second defined all persons born in the United States as national citizens who were to enjoy equality before the law.

Reconstruction: Reconstruction, the period () after the American Civil War during which attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 states that had seceded.

Reconstruction Era Links. Books; Encyclopedia Articles; Freedmen's Bureau; Journal Articles; Media; Websites; Reconstruction. The period after the Civil War, -was called the Reconstruction period. Abraham Lincoln started planning for the reconstruction of the South during the Civil War as Union soldiers occupied huge areas of the South.

Reconstruction, one of the most turbulent and controversial eras in American history, began during the Civil War and ended in It witnessed America's first experiment in interracial democracy. Reconstruction generally refers to the period in United States history immediately following the Civil War in which the federal government set.

Reconstruction and Its Aftermath

The Reconstruction implemented by Congress, which lasted from towas aimed at reorganizing the Southern states after the Civil War, providing the means for readmitting them into the Union, and defining the means by which whites and blacks could live together in a nonslave society.

The period of Presidential Reconstruction lasted from to Andrew Johnson, as Lincoln's successor, proposed a very lenient policy toward the South. Andrew Johnson, as Lincoln's successor, proposed a very lenient policy toward the South.

The reconstruction era
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Reconstruction - The Civil War (U.S. National Park Service)