The use of classical conditioning in the treatment of entomophobia

Classical Conditioning And Addiction

Treatments Specific phobias are highly treatable. Incremental exposure involves the patient's gradual facing of the phobic stimulus through a series of graded steps. To meet the criteria for a phobia there must also be symptoms of impairment and avoidance.

Likewise, lesions in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex the area responsible for monitoring the amygdala have been shown to not only slow down the speed of extinguishing a learned fear response, but also how effective or strong the extinction is.

Varenicline is a partial agonist at nicotinic receptors - it stimulates nicotine receptors more weakly than nicotine does. Enter the room with the dog.

The individual fears that he or she will act in a way or show anxiety symptoms that will be humiliating or embarrassing. Insight into the unreasonable nature of the fear is not required for a diagnosis of specific phobia in children. Studies suggest a relationship between age and specific phobia.

In avoidance conditioning, individuals learn to avoid a stimulus that triggers anxiety.

Classical Conditioning and the Treatment of Phobias

People with the phobias specifically avoid the entity they fear. And finally, in the last step, the therapist begins by exposing the client to the least feared situation on his fear hierarchy. The thought is that the more time that an individual is in contact with a phobic stimulus, the greater their anxiety and of that stimuli will dissipate.

This direct conditioning model, though very influential in the theory of fear acquisition, is not the only way to acquire a phobia. Breaking the habit A prescription medication treatment for smoking addiction is Varenicline known as Champix in Australia, Canada and Europe and Chantix in the United States.

Alternative therapies Research shows some benefits for specific phobias with applied relaxation. The basolateral nuclei or basolateral amygdala and the hippocampus interact with the amygdala in the storage of memory, which suggests why memories are often remembered more vividly if they have emotional significance.

Furthermore, there is a greater chance for an individual diagnosed with specific phobia to develop new phobias as a young adult. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing EMDR has been demonstrated in peer-reviewed clinical trials to be effective in treating some phobias. Some people cannot create a vivid image and thus systematic desensitization is not always effective there are individual differences.

Social phobia Unlike specific phobias, social phobias include fear of public situations and scrutiny which leads to embarrassment or humiliation in the diagnostic criteria. With regard to differentiating specific phobia types, factors such as the focus of fear and the predictability and timing of the reaction to the phobic stimulus across the specific phobia types can assist clinicians to differentiate.

Beyond Anxiety and Phobia: Studies by Critchley et al. Few of these terms are found in medical literature. The types of specific phobia, situation, object, and other, relate to particular features such as the age, gender, and culture of an individual.

The number of sessions required depends on the severity of the phobia.

Treatment for Phobias

Nicotine exerts physiological effects very rapidly. However, there may be practical reasons why in vitro may be used. Lately there has been a trend toward a more direct approach in relieving phobias. CBT may be conducted in a group setting.

And if you want to do something about it, please do not hesitate in asking for help. Arman Zhenikeyev Definition Systematic desensitization is a technique used to treat phobias and other extreme or erroneous fears based on principles of behavior modification. Is there even a reason.

Maybe you experienced a traumatic situation when you were little, which has remained with you over the years.

Systematic Desensitization

The animal and natural environment types of specific phobia are common and generally transitory in children. Vicarious fear acquisition is learning to fear something, not by a subject's own experience of fear, but by watching others reacting fearfully observational learning.

By implementing exposure therapy to the stimulus one might be able to defeat the overwhelming fear that classical conditioning and phobias have created. The list is crucial as it provides a structure for the therapy.

Treatment of Entomophobia Like arachnophobia, entomophobia is most commonly treated by systematic desensitization.


Informational and instructional factors can result in the formation of fears. In phobic patients, therefore, high amounts of cortisol may be present, or alternatively, there may be low levels of glucocorticoid receptors or even serotonin 5-HT.

Most insects are not harmful to people, but many people are still fearful of them. Simple or specific phobias have been quite effectively treated with behavior therapy (Marks, ). The behaviorists involved in classical conditioning techniques believe that the response of phobic fear is a reflex acquired to non-dangerous stimuli.

May 04,  · Classical Conditioning in the Treatment of Phobias Phobias are emotional reactions that often interfere with one’s life on a chronic basis or acutely when the Reviews: 3.

Cue exposure therapy is one type of addiction treatment that relies on classical conditioning. The "cues" associated with addiction (the sights, smells, locations, people. Also in regards to the links between classical conditioning and addiction, therapists may use classical conditioning itself to diminish or remove unwanted behaviors.

Systematic desensitization

An example of this is aversion therapy, where there is an intentional paired association between. Treatment of Entomophobia. Like arachnophobia, entomophobia is most commonly treated by systematic desensitization. This behavior technique was founded on the principles of classical conditioning and was developed in the s.

A common phobia amongst people is entomophobia, also known as the fear of bugs. This fear is often caused by a bad experience with bugs in the past, such as being stung by a bee or bitten by an ant.

I myself have this phobia, and I avoid bugs as much as possible. If a bug gets close to me.

The use of classical conditioning in the treatment of entomophobia
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